One-Probe Search

Anna Östlin
Rasmus Pagh

February 2002


We consider dictionaries that perform lookups by probing a single word of memory, knowing only the size of the data structure. We describe a randomized dictionary where a lookup returns the correct answer with probability $1-\epsilon$, and otherwise returns ``don't know''. The lookup procedure uses an expander graph to select the memory location to probe. Recent explicit expander constructions are shown to yield space usage much smaller than what would be required using a deterministic lookup procedure. Our data structure supports efficient deterministic updates, exhibiting new probabilistic guarantees on dictionary running time

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