Fixed Points on Abstract Structures without the Equality Test
In this paper we present a study of definability properties of fixed points of effective operators on abstract structures without the equality test. In particular we prove that Gandy theorem holds for abstract structures. This provides a useful tool for dealing with recursive definitions using -formulas.
One of the applications of Gandy theorem in the case of the reals without the equality test is that it allows us to define universal -predicates. It leads to a topological characterisation of -relations on