Real-Time Layered Video Compression using SIMD Computation

Morten Vadskær Jensen
Brian Nielsen

December 1998


We present the design and implementation of a high performance layered video codec, designed for deployment in bandwidth heterogeneous networks. The codec combines wavelet based subband decomposition and discrete cosine transforms to facilitate layered spatial and SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) coding for bit-rate adaption to a wide range of receiver capabilities. We show how a test video stream can be partitioned into several distinct layers of increasing visual quality and bandwidth requirements, with the difference between highest and lowest requirement being 47:1.

Through the use of the Visual Instruction Set on SUN's UltraSPARC platform we demonstrate how SIMD parallel image processing enables real-time layered encoding and decoding in software. Our tex2html_wrap_inline20-bit test video stream is partitioned into 21 layers at a speed of 39 frames per second and reconstructed at 28 frames per second. Our VIS accelerated encoder stages are about 3-4 times as fast as an optimized C version. We find that this speedup is well worth the extra implementation effort

Available as PostScript, PDF.


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