Dynamic Normal Forms and Dynamic Characteristic Polynomial

Gudmund Skovbjerg Frandsen
Piotr Sankowski

April 2008


We present the first fully dynamic algorithm for computing the characteristic polynomial of a matrix. In the generic symmetric case our algorithm supports rank-one updates in $O(n^2 \log n)$ randomized time and queries in constant time, whereas in the general case the algorithm works in $O(n^2 k \log n)$ randomized time, where $k$ is the number of invariant factors of the matrix. The algorithm is based on the first dynamic algorithm for computing normal forms of a matrix such as the Frobenius normal form or the tridiagonal symmetric form. The algorithm can be extended to solve the matrix eigenproblem with relative error $2^{-b}$ in additional $O(n \log^2 n
\log b)$ time. Furthermore, it can be used to dynamically maintain the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a generic matrix. Together with the algorithm the hardness of the problem is studied. For the symmetric case we present an $\Omega(n^2)$ lower bound for rank-one updates and an $\Omega(n)$ lower bound for element updates.

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Last modified: 2008-05-21 by webmaster.